Dysmenorrhoea is a symptomes mostly happen in women. A painful period or menstruals cramps during in their menstruation. It’s happen around the time of menstruation begin or early before it means. The very painful is there first 24 hours and it until last in 3rd day of mens. A common symptoms of this is pain in the pelvis or lower adbomen.
There are two type of Dysmenorrhoea
- The Primary Dysmenorrhoea and
- The Secondary Dysmenorrhoea
In primary dysmenorrhoea, is that the muscles of utirus squeze and contract harder than normal dislodge the thickened lining. These contractions may also reduce blood flow to the uterus, making the pain worse
Symptoms of painful periods
The most common symptom of painful periods is cramps or pain in your abdomen (tummy). This pain may also spread to your lower back and the top of your thighs. This can happen before and/or during the first few days of your period.
Other symptoms of painful periods may include:
- feeling sick or vomiting
- a headache or migraine
- emotional symptoms and mood changes
- digestive problems, such as diarrhoea or constipation
Treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea
Women with dysmenorrhoea need a thorough medical examination to make sure their period pain is not caused by certain reproductive disorders such as endometriosis or fibroids.
Treatment options can include:
- bed rest during the first day or so of the period
- applying heat, such as a hot water bottle, to the abdomen
- pain-relieving medication, such as paracetamol
- medication that inhibits prostaglandins, such as ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatory medication
- regular exercise and attention to overall physical fitness
- relaxation techniques
- the oral combined contraceptive pill, which usually reduces period pain.
Is pain caused by a problem of the womb or pelvis. This is less common, and is more likely to occur in women in their 30s and 40s
Secondary dysmenorrhoea, you may also have other symptoms, such as:
- heavy periods
- irregular periods
- bleeding in between periods
- a vaginal discharge
- thick or foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- pain during sex
Causes of secondary dysmenorrhoea
- Endometriosis – the cells lining the uterus can move to other areas of the pelvis, causing severe pain during periods.
- Fibroids – benign tumours made of muscle and tissue can grow inside the uterus and are thought to be affected by the sex hormone oestrogen.
If you have secondary dysmenorrhoea, your doctor will try to identify the condition causing your symptoms and will discuss your treatment options with you.
Women of any age can experience painful periods and some women find periods are no longer painful after pregnancy and childbirth.